The "Patent Box" tax regime, contained in the Finance Bill 2012, is part of the Government’s broader aim to make the UK’s tax system more competitive and appealing as a place of business innovation and growth. The regime applies a 10% corporation tax rate to profits attributed to patents by 2017.
The reduction in corporation tax will occur in stages. In April 2013, 60% of the benefit will be phased in, increasing by 10% per tax year until April 2017, at which point the fully reduced 10% rate will be effective. The new regime is much more far-reaching than it first appears, giving companies a new incentive to protect and commercialise their patents.